Trinidad and Tobago

Second Regional Capacity Building Workshop

The 2nd Regional Capacity Building Workshop for CDM is completed! In collaboration with the UNEP Risø Centre and the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (5Cs), the Ministry of Housing and the Environment carried out the 2nd Regional Capacity Building Workshop for CDM on November 8-9, 2011 at the Crowne Plaza Hotel, Port of Spain, Trinidad.


Above: The Honourable Dr Roodal Moonilal, Minister of Housing and the Environment for Trinidad and Tobago, endorses the urgent demand for climate change actions on a regional scale.


"We may have all come on different ships, but we're in the same boat now." ~Martin Luther King Jr. 

This famous line quoted by Ms Felicia Whyte, CARILEC in her presentation, reflects the ideology which set the framework for the 2nd Regional Capacity Building  Workshop for CDM, held on November 8-9, 2011. It impresses upon the Caribbean counterparts the need for collective action in adaptation and mitigation efforts for climate change in the Caribbean, being all Small Island Developing States (SIDS) with similar vulnerabilities.

The classical structure of CDM uses a project-by-project process for registering and verifying projects. This approach involves very high transaction costs, a long time to market, and a high risk of non-registration. It is also very difficult to implement such a process in least developed countries (LDCs) and SIDS where average project sizes and the scale of national markets tend to be smaller, so relative transaction costs are higher.

In order to redress these challenges and reduce transaction costs in CDM and expand the mechanism's applicability to micro project activities, the CDM Executive Board launched the Programme of Activities modality, which is defined as:

  "...a voluntary coordinated action by a private or public entity which coordinates and implements any policy/measure or stated goal (i.e. incentive schemes and voluntary programs), which leads to anthropogenic GHG emission reductions or increases net anthropogenic GHG removals by sinks that are additional to any that would occur in the absence of the PoA, via an unlimited number of CDM programme activities (CPAs)" (EB 32 ANNEX 38, Para.1).


PoA Graph

The Programme of Activity (PoA) approach aims to:

  • Aggregate emission reductions by actors, sector and regions.
  • Achieve economies of scale
  • Reach wider groups of actors
  • Support types of activities that are too small to be developed as stand-alone CDM projects
  • Open sectors that have so far been not been addressed by the CDM
  • Foster  the promotion of environmentally friendly activities

 The PoA approach can lead to a range of advantages, including: 

  • Contributes to scaling-up the use of CDM:  Potential to design regional or sector-wide programs
  • Flexibility on the number of "component programs/ projects" that can be included in a registered CDM Programme.
  • Creates enabling arrangements and operational, frameworks for the implementation of sector wide policies.
  • Enables the use of the CDM market instrument to support the implementation of climate-friendly standards and policies.
  • Intends to foster an enhanced regional distribution of CDM project activities, in particular, in less developed countries. 

Programmatic CDM occurs at two levels:

- Programme Level at Programmatic CDM (PoA)

- Activity Level at Individual CDM Programme Activity (CPA)

Each CDM Programme Activity (CPA) must:

  • Comply with all the procedures and modalities of the CDM.
  • Follow in principle the CDM project cycle
  • Comply with the inclusion criteria of the PoA
  • Include activity that has a direct, real, and measurable impact on emission reductions.

Examples of Technologies for PoA development

  • Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs)
  • Household stoves
  • Domestic biogas
  • Solar water heating
  • Industrial boilers
  • Building refurbishment
  • Efficient chillers
  • Small hydro power
  • Municipal Solid Waste Composting  

The context for PoA development in the Caribbean was also assessed, with break out groups identifying and developing the four (4) most popular Programmatic CDM ideas in different sectors as outlined below:

1. Environmental Efficiency in Tourist Accommodations and Attractions in the Caribbean Region

2. Methane Avoidance through Composting

3. Conversion of Regional Public Bus Fleet from Diesel Powered to CNG

4. Regional Renewable Energy initiatives

For more information on the CDM programme of activities, please click on the following links to access the presentations delivered at the 2nd Regional Capacity Building Workshop:





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